Morphine is a strong analgesic drug, which is prescribed for the treatment of moderate to severe pain. When it is taken as prescribed, there is little chance of addiction, however if it is taken in larger doses, then there is a greater risk for addiction. Once the body is used to morphine, it will require increased doses to maintain its pleasurable effect. If the body does not get a higher dose, it will then cause severe withdrawal symptoms.
Serious withdrawal symptoms occur when the morphine dose is reduced, after a period of dependence has developed. Both the body and brain will experience symptoms, such as: increased heart rate and blood pressure, restless sleep, hot and cold flashes, twitching and muscle spasms, acute abdominal pain, body aches, chills, insomnia, nausea, vomiting, severe sneezing episodes, perspiration, seizures and sometimes death. Many people compare the withdrawal symptoms to a severe flu. If left untreated symptoms will usually begin within 36 to 72 hours, and may last for five to nine days. Although, the drug cravings can last for months, or in some cases, years.
Withdrawal symptoms and physical dependency differ from person to person. Morphine withdrawals happen when the brain cells become used to the large amounts of metabolites, then when the drug is significantly reduced, the brain tries to unsuccessfully cope with diminished amounts of the drug. The brain will then demand a greater amount of morphine. Drug cravings can result in an extreme urge, which causes the user to seek out the drug in any possible way. If left untreated, the user will become trapped in a vicious cycle, which includes; attempting to quit using the drug, withdrawal symptoms, and craving urgency, which ultimately can lead to a relapse.
To withdrawal safely from morphine it is recommended to taper off the drug, rather than to just quit cold turkey. Immediately stopping morphine can result in increased relapse chances, brutal withdrawal symptoms, and possibly seizures. Detoxification is the best way to withdraw from morphine. All Hands Drug Treatment is an excellent source for addiction information and ideas on sober living.
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